Mandarin Chinese is written with characters. Since there are a lot of characters we use something called pinyin to help us learn the pronunciation of characters. We will look more at characters and how they are written in a later section, let's first learn a bit about pinyin.
Pinyin uses letters and tone symbols (explained below) to represent the pronunciations of Chinese characters.
Look at the examples below. Don't worry about the character and meaning for now. Listen to the audio paying attention to how it matches with the pinyin.
Mandarin has 4 tones.They are numbered 1 - 4, and can be recognized by their change in pitch